Leopards inhabited a wide range of habitats within Africa, from mountainous forests to grasslands and savannahs, excluding only extremely sandy desert. They are most at risk in areas of semi-desert, where scarce resources often result in conflict with nomadic farmers and their livestock.
Leopards are generally most active between sunset and sunrise, and kill more prey at this time. The leopard has an exceptional ability to adapt to changes in prey availability, and has a very broad diet. The known prey of leopards ranges from dung beetles to adult elands, which can reach 2,000 lb.